Testudo kleinmanni

Egyptian Tortoise

Testudo kleinmanni (Lortet, 1883)
Critically Endangered (IUCN)

Basic info

Common name
  • Egyptian Tortoise
Species nameTestudo kleinmanni
Scientific nameTestudo kleinmanni Lortet, 1883
Testudo kleinmanni

Further Reading

Temperatures & Season

Day time temperatures

Background28 - 30 °F
Basking spot30 - 35 °F

Night time temperatures

Background summer22 - 25 °F
Background winter2 - 6 °F


Photoperiod12 hours


Microhabitats are specific small habitats that an organism inhabits within its broader environment. These can vary greatly depending on the species and can give us insights into the preferred living conditions of each reptile. Understanding these microhabitats can be key to providing the correct care for these animals in captivity.

  • Fossorial
  • Leaf litter
    Leaf litter
  • Forest floor
    Forest floor
  • Foliage or shrubs
    Foliage or shrubs
  • Grassland or savanna
    Grassland or savanna

Ferguson Zones

Ferguson Zones are a way to classify the amount of UV light that reptiles are exposed to in their natural habitats. These zones help us understand and replicate their natural light conditions in captivity, promoting the health and wellbeing of the reptiles. Below, we detail the specific Ferguson Zones of the Chinese Water Dragon, along with recommendations for replicating these conditions

The Ferguson Zone in which the Egyptian Tortoise has been placed has been chosen based upon an assessment of its typical basking behaviour and likely microhabitat in the wild.

Open or partial sun basker
UVI range avarage: 1-2.6, UVI max recorded: 2.9-7.4

Recommended lighting methods in captivity

Sunbeam method

This method uses the 'Max UVI Recorded' value as a guide for the upper limit of the UVB gradient in captivity. This maximum should be the highest level which a Egyptian Tortoise can obtain at its closest approach to its UVB lamp. The highlighted area in the table below represents this range for the Egyptian Tortoise.


More in-depth information about Ferguson zones can be found here: https://jzar.org/jzar/article/view/150

Community collected distribution (276 occurrences)


These are the biomes the Egyptian Tortoise was found in. Click here to learn more about terrestrial ecoregions and biomes.

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Testudo marginata (Schoepff, 1792)

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Indian Star Tortoise

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  1. Baines, F.M., Chattell, J., Dale, J., Garrick, D., Gill, I., Goetz, M., Skelton, T. and Swatman, M. 2016. How much UVB does my reptile need? The UV-Tool, a guide to the selection of UV lighting for reptiles and amphibians in captivity. Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research. 4, 1 (Jan. 2016), 42–63. DOI:https://doi.org/10.19227/jzar.v4i1.150.
  2. Testudo kleinmanni Lortet, 1883 in GBIF Secretariat (2021). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org
  3. Lortet, L. Etudes zoologiques sur la faune du Lac de Tiberiade. Poissons et Reptiles du lac de Tibériade de de Quelques Autres Parties de la Syrie.
  4. iNaturalist. Available from https://www.inaturalist.org
This website is created by Jefrim Keijzer | All species